Rassegna bibliografica

Vol. 88, Iss. 6, August 2015

Neuromuscular training in construction workers: a longitudinal controlled pilot study


Objective Many accidents at construction sites are due to falls. An exercise-based workplace intervention may improve intrinsic fall risk factors. In this pilot study, we aimed at evaluating the effects of neuromuscular exercise on static and functional balance performance as well as on lower limb explosive power in construction workers.

Methods Healthy middle-aged construction workers were non-randomly assigned to an intervention [N = 20, age = 40.3 (SD 8.3) years] or a control group [N = 20, age = 41.8 (9.9) years]. The intervention group performed static and dynamic balance and strength exercises (13 weeks, 15 min each day). Before and after the intervention and after an 8-week follow-up, unilateral postural sway, backward balancing (on 3- and 4.5-cm-wide beams) as well as vertical jump height were assessed.

Results We observed a group × time interaction for postural sway (p = 0.002) with a reduction in the intervention group and no relevant change in the control group. Similarly, the number of successful steps while walking backwards on the 3-cm beam increased only in the intervention group (p = 0.047). These effects were likely to most likely practically beneficial from pretest to posttest and to follow-up test for postural sway (+12 %, standardized mean difference (SMD) = 0.65 and 17 %, SMD = 0.92) and backward balancing on the 3-cm beam (+58 %, SMD = 0.59 and 37 %, SMD = 0.40).

Conclusions Fifteen minutes of neuromuscular training each day can improve balance performance in construction workers and, thus, may contribute to a decreased fall risk.


Balance, Exercise, Falls, Safety, Strength, workplace

Articoli correlati che potrebbero interessarti

Office workers with high effort–reward imbalance and overcommitment have greater decreases in heart rate variability over a 2-h working period

Vol. 88, Iss. 5, July 2015

Preventive occupational health interventions in the meat processing industry in upper-middle and high-income countries: a systematic review on their effectiveness

Vol. 88, Iss. 4, May 2015

Is Sitting Worse Than Static Standing? How a Gender Analysis Can Move Us Toward Understanding Determinants and Effects of Occupational Standing and Walking

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. Vol. 12, Iss. 3, March 2015